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Sunday, September 9, 2018

Heart attack: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatments and Prevention

What is a Heart Attack:

Heart attack symptoms are brought on when there may be an interruption in blood delivery to the heart. This results in a drop in energy supply to the heart, resulting to the circumstance. Be careful with these heart attack symptoms.
It is also known as:
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Cardiac infarction
  • Coronary thrombosis
For the duration of a heart attack, the blood supply that commonly nourishes the heart with oxygen is cut off and the heart muscle starts offevolved to die.
A heart attack happens while there may be an unexpected lack of blood flow to part of your heart muscle.
The main heart attack symptoms are:
  • Pain in the chest
  • Extreme weakness
  • Upper body pain
  • Sweating
  • Shortness of breath


Causes Of Heart attack:

There are a few causes of heart attack, some of the most common causes of heart attack are:
  • "Atherosclerosis" 
  • Blood clots
  • Torn blood vessel
  • Coronary heart disease
  • High cholesterol
  • Using tobacco
  • Using drugs


Heart attack symptoms:


Following are the most common heart attack symptoms, many of these heart attack symptoms suddenly occur and doesn’t go away;
  • Pain in your chest
  • Discomfort in your chest
  • Nausea
  • Sweating
  • lightheadedness
  • Light-headed
  • dizziness
  • fatigue
  • Indigestion
  • Restlessness
  • Feeling clammy
These heart attack symptoms vary from person to person, some people have light pain, some have mild pain, also some may have no pain but a direct cardiac arrest.


What to do on a heart attack?


If you think someone is feeling unhealthy with symptoms like those above heart attack symptoms listed then;
The first thing you have to do is to call for an emergency from the nearest hospital, check the persons is breathing or not, even check the pulse, if you find the person is not breathing then you should do a CPR to keep the blood flow.
Push hard in that person's chest on the heart region in about 100-200 compressions per minute.


Heart Attack v/s Cardiac arrest - Difference:

A misconception always happens between a heart attack and a cardiac arrest.
At the same time as they're both medical emergencies, a heart attack is the blockage of an artery leading to the coronary heart, and a cardiac arrest includes the heart-stopping the pumping of blood across the body.
A heart attack can lead to cardiac arrest.




Heart Attack Prevention:

The most important thing you have to consider for preventing a heart attack is your style of living.
Your lifestyle has to be a healthy one and in order to make it healthy  you should consider the following things:

  • Do not SMOKE
  • Do exercise regularly
  • Have a healthy diet
  • Maintain your physical fitness
  • Don't be overweight
  • Maintain your cholesterol level
  • keep diabetes under control
  • Keep blood pressure in control
  • Avoid stress
  • Limit your alcohol intake

Heart Attack Diagnosis:
Diagnosis of a heart attack is done by a heart specialist doctor,
Most probably an ECG will be done with some blood test which will be evaluated by the doctor and according to it, the diagnosis will be done.


Heart Attack Treatment:
If your doctor diagnoses a heart attack then he may perform several kind of more test and treatments depending on what is affected.
There are several kinds of surgical and nonsurgical methods to treat heart attack so that the pain will relief and another chance of heart attack will reduce.
Some common methods used for heart attack are:
  • Angioplasty
  • Heart bypass surgery
  • Pacemaker
  • Heart valve surgery
  • Heart transplant
  • Stent
  • Open heart surgery
  • Angioplasty
Some common Medicine prescribed for heart attack:
  • Aspirin
  • Brilinta
  • Effient
  • Plavix
  • Thrombolysis
I hope this information helped you.
Please leave a comment if you want any other information or any doubt regarding these.
Thanks!

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