Dengue Fever: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & Prevention

Dengue Fever

Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a viral infection because of mosquitoes infected by means of the dengue virus (DENV) and is widespread within the tropical regions of the world.
Dengue fever is spread thru the bite of specific breeds of mosquito.
It's far a painful, disabling sickness, with the severity of ache similar to that of bones breaking - as a result, it's also called ‘Breakbone’ fever.
Moderate dengue fever causes an excessive fever, rash, and muscle and joint ache.

Dengue fever is because of a flavivirus that is carried by the woman Aedes Aegypti mosquito (in most cases Aedes aegypti, however additionally A albopticus ).
An intense shape of dengue fever, additionally known as dengue hemorrhagic fever, can cause extreme bleeding, an unexpected drop in blood pressure and even results to loss of life.
Hundreds of thousands of cases of dengue fever occur globally every year.

Dengue fever Symptoms:

If the following dengue fever symptoms are observed 3-7 days after traveling to dengue-affected areas then you must consult a doctor immediately;

The most common dengue fever symptoms include:
  1. Sudden high fever
  2. Severe headaches
  3. Pain behind the eyes
  4. Severe joint and muscle pain
  5. Fatigue and exhaustion
  6. Nausea or bleeding gums
  7. Skin rash
  8. Low blood pressure
  9. Small patches of blood under the skin which appears after 3-4 days of fever
  10. Continuous vomiting
  11. Drowsiness and tarry feces
  12. Difficulty in breathing & loss of appetite
  13. Drop in platelet count

In some uncommon instances, dengue fever may additionally grow to be an extra life-threatening shape referred to as DHF (Dengue hemorrhagic fever), which can be dangerous if left untreated.

Symptoms of Dengue hemorrhagic fever:
  1. Blood vessels leakage
  2. Bleeding in nose, mouth, and gums.
  3. Bruising
  4. Blood vessels can be collapsing
  5. A decrease in blood platelet
  6. Thrombocytopenia
  7. Leakage in blood plasma
  8. Dengue shock syndrome
  9. Low blood pressure
  10. Bleeding inside the body

Dengue Fever Causes:

Dengue fever is due to the dengue virus that is caused thru the bite of specific breeds of mosquito (Aedes mosquito).
There are four varieties of dengue viruses recognized to reason disease in humans:
1. DENV-1
2. DENV-2
3. DENV-3
4. DENV-4
They're RNA viruses that belong to the Flavivirus genus/Flaviviridae family
The symptoms generally shows anywhere between 3 to 14 days, however generally begin within 4 to 7 days of infection.

Mosquitoes come to be infected with dengue after biting unwell people who have dengue virus in their blood.
If an infected mosquito bites someone else it could transfer the dengue virus to that healthy individual which results in dengue fever.
Someone infected with one form of dengue will best come to be proof against that type.
They may not be immune to different types of dengue and might be at better threat of extreme disease if they contract another type.

How Does Dengue Spread:

When one mosquito bites a dengue-infected person then the dengue viruses from the blood of that infected person moves to the mosquito.

When that mosquito carrying the dengue virus bites a healthy person, those viruses get into the blood of that healthy person and results in dengue fever.
In these way the dengue fever spreads from person to person through mosquitos.

Diagnosis of Dengue Fever:
Visit your physician immediately if you think you may have dengue fever.
Early diagnosis is important to get rid of complications.
Your doctor will verify your symptoms and will do a Blood test.
Dengue Fever is diagnosed by specific blood tests.

Dengue Fever Treatment:
There are no specific drugs or antibiotics to treatment the Dengue Fever for the reason that it's because of a virus however you are advised to rest and drink lots of fluids.

Dengue fever does not turn out to be extreme if handled right away after the arrival of initial symptoms. No particular medicine presently exists
Dengue is characterised by fever and severe body pain.
Capsules like paracetamol results in lowering the body temperature as they contain antipyretic.
Analgesics help to relieve the pain of the body pain.
Due to the multiplied threat of bleeding, people have to avoid analgesics (pain relievers) that include aspirin.
The patient can also be treated with herbal domestic treatments inclusive of papaya leaves, kiwi, Tulsi Leaves and Black Pepper, Fenugreek Leaves and different meals items which have been verified to assist in the growth of platelet count, which get lower during dengue.
Within the case of more severe kinds of dengue, which is dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome, the patient ought to be admitted to a clinic right away and given right care.

Dengue Fever Prevention:

There is no preventive vaccine for dengue fever.

Preventive measures consist of:

  1. Mosquitoes generally tend to lay eggs in synthetic water packing containers (such as vases and consuming bowls for pets), it's far essential to change the water in suspect areas at the least once in every week.
  2. Use Mosquito nets
  3.  Protect your self towards being bitten.
  4. Use mosquito repellent sprays
  5. Regular Fumigation
  6. Grow some mosquito repellent plants around your house like lavender, citronella, feverfew, catnip, etc
  7.  Even herbs like garlic, lemongrass, basil, peppermint, rosemary may additionally help.

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