Cough: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments And Types of Cough



A cough is a common condition that affects humans of virtually all age brackets. A cough may be either chronic or acute in nature.
Cough which might be generally acute in nature lasts for a week whereas a chronic cough can span over a month.

Cough isn’t damaging to one’s fitness however in some excessive instances can reason lightheadedness, vomiting and consequent nausea. every so often, Cough can be traumatic causing intense disruption in your dozing pattern.
A Cough is a not unusual reflex motion that clears the throat of mucus or foreign irritants. Coughing to clean the throat is normally a rare motion, even though some of the situations can purpose more frequent bouts of coughing.
Most Cough episodes will resolve, or as a minimum considerably improve, within two weeks. in case you cough up blood or have a “barking” Cough, communicate to your physician.
Any Cough that hasn’t improved after some weeks can be critical, and you have to see a physician.


There are two types of cough:
1.Acute Cough(Short Time Period)
2.Chronic Cough(Long Time Period)


   • Runny nose
   • Sore throat
   • Hoarseness
   • Shortness of breath
   • Wheezing
   • Coughing up blood


1. Throat Clearing

A cough is a wellknown manner of clearing the throat.
When your airlines get clogged with mucus & unwanted particles like smoke or dirt, a cough is formed which cleans the particles and makes your breathing easy.
Commonly, this type of coughing is fairly infrequent, but coughing will growth with exposure to irritants inclusive of smoke.

2. Smoking

Smoking is every other common purpose of coughing. A cough because of smoking is almost constantly a long time cough with a unique sound. It’s also called “smoker’s cough.”

3. Infections
Including pneumonia can form an acute cough or a chronic cough. Those infections are due to viruses, microorganism,bacteria or fungus. Viral infections do not react to antibiotics. The commonplace cold and the flu often produce a dry cough. Viral upper breathing tract infections regularly result in a extended cough even after the infection has cleared in humans with bronchial asthma. Acute bronchitis and persistent bronchitis are commonplace reasons of coughing up blood (hemoptysis).

3.Upper respiratory tract infections (or URTIs)
4.Upper respiratory tract infections (or URTIs)
5.Inhalation of irritants
6.Lower respiratory tract infections (or LRTIs)
7.Lung clot (or pulmonary embolism)
8.Heart failure (or pulmonary edema)
9.Chronic bronchitis

A not unusual motive of coughing in younger youngsters is asthma. generally, asthmatic coughing includes wheezing, making it easy to identify. bronchial asthma exacerbations need to acquire remedy the usage of an inhaler. It’s possible for children to develop out of allergies as they get older.

11. Allergies
12. COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
13. GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease)
14. Throat disorders, such as croup in young children
15. Some medicines


1. Medication:

Your physician will take into account your clinical history, bodily examination, and check results while diagnosing and treating cough. Quitting smoking and avoiding smoke, other irritants, or certain drug treatments may additionally assist relieve your cough. drugs to control coughing are usually used handiest for coughs that motive severe discomfort or interfere with sleep. speak to your physician about the way to deal with your infant’s cough.

2. Self-treatment:
  • A cough that results from a virus can’t be treated with antibiotics.
  • Use cough drops to soothe your throat.
  • Add honey or ginger to hot tea
  • Gargle hot salt water
  • Quit smoking
  • Antacids
  • Inhaled steroids

No comments:

Post a Comment